The lessons of magic – paint in the interior
The relaxing effect of green, the soothing blues of blue, the charge of red energy – all this is the result of a decision made when choosing a color scheme for your home or office. the fruit of the color scheme of the interior can bring chaos into our living space, if you choose your favorite color scheme without thinking about how it will work. It is very important to keep in mind some knowledge of how color enhances the feeling of well-being, transforms perceived space to make it more or more comfortable, and how it illuminates and energizes the dark and frozen corners of the inner space of the human soul.
What you need to analyze, choosing the color schemes of the interior. The guidelines for interior decoration include:
• The purpose of the use of the premises, whether private or public;
• Improvement outside;
• likes and dislikes in terms of color and style;
• Room lighting (natural and artificial light sources);
• Furniture, interior items and accessories.
Creating an image of the interior
Neutral colors (gray, beige, cream) are great for creating a background of space, that is, for walls and ceilings. They create a perception of space in a room in combination with bright pieces of furniture and draperies. For example, the average tone of the beige on the walls and the white ceiling in combination with the deep color of the wooden floor will add a touch of tradition.
The search for patterns: the model or the dominant color in the furniture, found in luxurious fabrics or works of art. For example, an existing oriental carpet can give some clue about the style and color scheme of the entire interior. Varying the tones of the color wheel, selected individual details of the coordinated structure of the space.
Choosing color schemes
Choosing among different color schemes will make it easier if you use the color wheel. In this case, you can apply a monochrome color scheme for the whole room or create a contrasting color combination. At the same time, additional colors located on the color wheel next to each other, for example, yellow and purple, create a dramatic and bold effect, but it is better suited for a private bedroom than for an office interior.
As a rule, in interior color schemes, no more than three colors are used, located side by side on the color wheel, or in a combination of cold and warm colors, such as blue and green.
Triple color schemes use three shades placed sequentially or at equal distances from each other. Ideally, a proportion is used in the design of the space:
• Dominant color – 60%;
• Auxiliary color – 30%;
• Contrast color – 10%.
This allows you to balance the sensations and arouses interest in penetration into space.
Understanding the effect of color
Colors help the perception of the concepts of space and design. For example, with a red color scheme, you can create a deep and hot atmosphere of a dark spell. On the other hand, the combination of muted blue, gray and brown colors creates a feeling of coolness and calm. Cream and pink tones form a warm and inviting desire to touch the space.
Despite the fact that what has already been said can help to make the right choice of color scheme, still, in terms of style and color, personal preferences remain the most important, it is they who create feelings of comfort and well-being in each individual case.
House interior paint ideas
How to choose a wall paint in the apartment
The modern production technology of paintwork materials offers the consumer a huge variety of options for finishing the internal space. The composition of paints and varnishes includes four components: binders, pigments, solvents and additives. The main raw material component is a binder (film-forming substance), the functional purpose of which is to provide resistance and adhesion to the surface. Actually, the classification of paints occurs depending on the type of binder and by diluent (water-borne and solvent-based).
Types of paint for walls
The fact that homeowners try to avoid the use of toxic building materials in the interior is quite understandable. This also applies to paints and varnishes, people prefer products that include environmentally friendly components that do not have strong odors and do not cause allergic reactions.
Consequently, water-based paints, or water-dispersion with low emission, are in great demand. The main binding element of such paints is acrylic, latex resin, copolymers. After applying the water-dispersion paints drying occurs by physical means as a result of evaporation of water from them. Water-based paints are economical, on average, one liter is enough to paint 10 m2 of wall. Operational and technical characteristics allow to apply water-dispersion paints on different types of surfaces, in particular, on metal, wood, drywall, plaster. Paints have high wear resistance, water and vapor permeability.
The drying of the paint on the surface occurs within two hours, and after a week it is fully fixed. It is important that the painted surfaces are allowed to be washed and cleaned without damaging the structural layer. Some types of waterborne paints can be used in rooms with high humidity, it is important for bathrooms, furnace, etc.
These include oil and alkyd paints, which dry out as a result of oxidation. In this case, the diluent for them is white spirit, sometimes solvent or turpentine – and this is their main drawback. However, it should be noted, and a characteristic advantage – upon drying, a sufficiently stable, dense and shiny layer resistant to mechanical loads is formed. Organic paints are recommended for use for exterior and interior. Due to their resistance to evaporation, it is advisable to apply them to surfaces in “wet” rooms (bathroom, boiler room).
According to the manufacturer, the performance characteristics of paints are feasible in the case of proper preparation of the painted surface. To achieve a quality result, purchase paint products of one trade stamps.
Choosing interior paint, it is important to understand the purpose of the room, the degree of load on the painted surface and, of course, the environmental safety of the material.
Among the most significant for the consumer indicators of interior paints, we highlight:
• resistance of paintwork to wet abrasion and washing. This indicator is important for loaded areas (kitchen, bathroom, hallway, flight of stairs, hallway). On the labels of such paints you can see the inscriptions: “resistant to washing”, “latex”, “wet abrasion class: 3, 2, 1” or “the number of wet abrasion cycles from 1 thousand and more”.
• Whiteness is taken into account when choosing paint for the ceiling and in cases where the design provides a contrasting white color in the finish. On labels, this is indicated by the word “snow-white.”
• Paint consumption. On the one hand, this is a technical characteristic indicating how much paint will be required to paint 1 m2 of surface (with the condition that the dried the film completely overlaps the color of the previous contrast layer). On the other hand, it is an economic indicator that allows you to calculate how much money is needed for painting the room. Manufacturers and professional professionals know: the better the paint, the lower its consumption!
• Ecological safety means that paints do not contain components that cause harm to human health.
The main component of silicate paints – liquid glass, the corresponding category of mineral. The thinner for these paints is water. Silicate paints have occupied their niche in the paint and varnish market because of their valuable technical characteristics: high vapor permeability, moisture resistance and, most importantly, disinfectant properties (the development of microorganisms is impossible). After painting, the coating turns out to be microporous, and during operation, it tolerates changes in air temperature. Silicate paints can be used for interior and exterior use. Their only minus is the high price.
Before painting, the surface must be evaluated taking into account the specifics of the substrate, operating conditions and coating system. The most common methods of preparation are to remove dirt, remove old paint, sanding and remove defects and irregularities. On metal surfaces
be sure to remove rust and pre-treated with special chemical compounds that prevent the development of corrosion.
Depending on the type of substrate, choose a suitable paint system. So, for example, latex paints are suitable for brick internal walls. For concrete untreated (unplastered) surfaces inside the building, it is allowed to paint with water-borne paints, but alkyd paint is contraindicated, this is due to the high alkalinity of the concrete, as a result of which the binder is saponified. For painting plasterboard walls, painters use paints based on organic and aqueous solvents, taking into account the properties of cardboard.
In some cases, painting is not possible without applying a primer to the surface. Universal primers penetrate deep into the substrate and improve its adhesion with the subsequent layer, as well as promote uniform application and absorption paints. Moisture insulating primer formulations are specially designed for wet rooms. For previously painted ceilings with glue or lime paints, manufacturers offer an alkyd primer that can be painted with water-based paints.
Interior paint color ideas
Completely change the interior of the house – this is the main task of the color palette of colors. For example, the contrasting color of the right edge of the space not only creates the mood of the room, but also gives it a certain personality. The key is how perfect the color is for the selected image and how well it blends with its other elements. Instead of choosing the usual and safe from the point of view of perception of space, why not spend a little time to explore new possibilities and choose the original color combinations.
But first of all, you need to consider a picture of your financial budget. After a certain figure settles in the mind, some other things need to be clarified. In particular, what is the final effect of dreams: will it be a desire to bring a hint of eccentricity into the big picture, or will it stop at the traditional conservativeness of color perception? Once accepted a certain solution, you can proceed to the next step.
Namely, learn some basics of paints and their colors. In the current market there are so many brands and types of paints that it is quite possible to choose a brand that matches your budget. At the same time, it is also necessary to give preference to the type of finish: matte, satin, glossy, semi-gloss, “eggshell”.
Completion of the color scheme is the most important step that will determine the whole look of the decor. This must be done very carefully.
Color scheme completion
Before stopping on any particular color scheme, you must also consider the following:
• The relationship of the room with the rest of the house;
• Color schemes that already exist in the house;
• Existing furniture and furniture to be installed in the room;
• Draperies, carpets, etc., existing and those that are planned to be included in the interior.
And, in addition, it is necessary to determine the area of the room.
Choosing a color scheme doesn’t hurt to check how this or that paint will look under different lighting conditions, because what is attractive in the daytime may look dull or even unpleasant when the sun goes down. And for this it is better to select a small area of the room and paint it in the selected color. It is important to mention here that when drying, the paint becomes two tones darker, so you also need to check how the paint will look after drying.
Another important aspect of the color space solution of a room is
This combination of it with the color schemes of other rooms. In order to check this, it is enough to look at the open door from different points of how much space is visible from the adjacent room. You must have at least two common colors in the color schemes of adjacent rooms.